Commission Delivers Ravitching Report

In light of the MTA’s recent proposal to raise revenue by increasing mass transit fares by 23% while decreasing service by next June, the Ravitch Commission’s report seems to be gaining momentum. A group of transportation and finance experts, chaired by former MTA chairman Richard Ravitch and appointed by Governor Paterson, have met since this past June to come up with strategies to fund MTA projects and operations over the next 10 years. While I agree with most of the proposed strategies, the key to its success lies in the statement: “Our recommendations… are interdependent and only in combination do they chart a course that will both stabilize the MTA and begin to set the region on steady footing.”

The report is a comprehensive evaluation of the current state of the MTA. Included are recommendations to: fund operating and capital needs; mitigate the proposed 2009 fare increase and service reductions; improve mass transit region-wide; and foster changes in governance, transparency, and accountability. Along with expanding regional bus service and investing more in Bus Rapid Transit, the Commission suggests raising fares and tolls on a schedule-basis (and no more frequently than bi-annually). By increasing bridge tolls and adding tolls to East River bridge crossings, subway fares would only need to increase by 8%.

The Commission wants to return power to the MTA Chairman, an elected official, and eliminate the board-appointed Executive Director position to strengthen governance in the MTA. In an effort to improve transparency and accountability, the report calls for both the NYC Independent Budget Office and the NY State Office of the State Deputy Comptroller to routinely review and make public the MTA’s financial status. It recommends instituting a Mobility Tax, a deductible expense on employers, which will pay for new borrowing and direct expenses, as well as provide full costs for current expansion projects. This will lead to a separate operating budget from that for future projects.

“Straphangers and commuters must bear an equitable burden of the costs of operation of the transit system,” the report states. While there is plenty of opposition, especially from Brooklynites such as Brooklyn Borough President Marty Markowitz who feel that their borough will bear the brunt of the costs, I feel that it is most important for the city to make it easier for people to commute via mass transit. Other recommendations not in the report — a gas tax on MTA-served counties, a scaled tax based on car size, Mayor Bloomberg’s congestion pricing proposal released earlier this year — should also be considered. Ultimately, I believe that by making mass transit the most accessible and affordable route to and from the city, NYC and the MTA may be able to sustain difficult economic times.

In this issue:
· Silver Towers Obtains Landmark Status
· Children’s Aid Breaks Out Holiday Cheer with New Center
· Tapestry Weaves Mixed-Income Residential in East Harlem
· Mixed-Use Defies Rock and Hard Place
· High School Serves Athletes… on Roof
· Labs Plug and Play into the Future
· Double Skin Reveals Highest Non-Enclosed Observation Deck in Shanghai

Silver Towers Obtains Landmark Status

Silver Towers.

Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation

The NYC Landmarks Preservation Commission (LPC) unanimously voted to designate the I.M. Pei & Associates-designed Silver Towers complex and its central sculpture, “Portrait of Sylvette” by Picasso, NYC landmarks, ending a five-year campaign by the Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation (GVSHP). According to the advocacy group, while the LPC has recently payed increasing attention to Modern architecture, Silver Towers is the first post-war urban renewal “superblock” development in NYC to be landmarked. Originally known as University Village, the 1967 residential complex, set on five acres north of Houston Street between Mercer Street and LaGuardia Place, was designed by James Ingo Freed for New York University. Three identical 30-story, reinforced concrete towers built in the Brutalist style encircle a 36-foot-tall concrete sculpture. The towers cover a small percentage of the site, reflecting the influence architect Le Corbusier.

Children’s Aid Breaks Out Holiday Cheer with New Center

Children’s Aid Society Center.


BBG-BBGM completed the renovation of three visitation rooms and a multi-functional conference room for the Children’s Aid Society Center in the South Bronx — a project they performed pro bono. The firm raised funds and pro bono donations of materials from vendors and other entities to finance the renovation. During the course of several days, the partners and staff carried out the design and construction from start to finish. Despite space limitations, lack of natural light, and small budgets, the firm tried to achieve functional and creative designs with themes from a garden to an island oasis.

Vendors that donated include: Advantage Sports Flooring, Artistic Tile, Benjamin Moore, BestArt & Mirror, County Draperies, Design Communications, Drapery by LORE, Design Tex, DFB Sales, Evan Shatz Sales Associates, Haig Lighting, Hightower Group, InterfaceFlor, Johnsonite, Kellex Corporation, Knoll Textiles, Koroseal, Liora Manne, Milliken, Myriad Fine Art, Osborne & Little, P Kaufmann, Pavarini McGovern Construction Company, Richard J. Fasenmyer Foundation, Selective Surfaces, The Erwyn Group, Ultrafabrics, Wolf Gordon, and 3-FORM.

Tapestry Weaves Mixed-Income Residential in East Harlem


Jonathan Rose Companies

Jonathan Rose Companies in partnership with Lettire Construction, has broken ground on Tapestry, the first affordable and mixed-income residential rental development designed for LEED Silver certification in East Harlem. The 12-story, 185-unit apartment building will be located at the foot of the Robert F. Kennedy Bridge (formerly the Triborough Bridge), and will offer a mix of market rate, middle-income, and low-income apartments. Designed by Pei Cobb Freed & Partners Architects and MHG Architects, the project will contain studio through three-bedroom apartments, underground parking, a gym, accessible green roofs, a media/children’s playroom, bike storage, and 8,000 square feet of retail. The project is part of the 125th Street river-to-river rezoning, a multi-city agency rezoning effort to infuse the area with cultural, retail, entertainment, and affordable housing for Harlem residents. Tapestry is the first development to result from the rezoning, which was passed this past April.

Mixed-Use Defies Rock and Hard Place

Roscoe C. Brown, Jr. Apartments.

Meltzer/Mandl Architects

Despite a 30-foot-high rock outcropping covering nearly half the site, the Roscoe C. Brown, Jr. Apartments in the Bathgate section of the Bronx is currently under construction. Meltzer/Mandl Architects designed the 279 units by carving out a section of the rock for a lobby and allowing the remaining building to “float” above it onto a series of shear walls. The result will be a glass lobby that looks on a geological rock garden. The complex, which also features a latticework façade of articulated brick forms and two-story glass with metal panel accents, will offer studios through three-bedroom rental homes. There will also be 6,100 square feet of ground-level retail space, administrative offices, and on-site parking. Two outdoor recreation areas and community rooms are included in the 254,000-square-foot development. Completion is scheduled for 2010 under the sponsorship of Phipps Houses.

High School Serves Athletes… on Roof

Union City high school.

HOK New York

HOK New York and RSC Architects have designed a 366,550-square-foot high school to be sited on the former Roosevelt Stadium in Union City. The new school features an athletic stadium, complete with a grandstand area, on the roof for baseball, soccer, and football. As Union City’s only high school, the new structure will contain 66 general classrooms, small-group instruction space, cutting-edge science labs, and home economic labs. The athletic component of the high school also includes a three-station gymnasium, weight rooms, and locker rooms. The media center, located off the courtyard, creates both indoor and outdoor study areas, and will serve the general community by functioning as a public library. In addition, there will be a 980-seat auditorium, a small black box performance space, dance studio, and musical and choral studios for students.

Labs Plug and Play into the Future

RMJM Hillier

Washington University’s Bauer Hall.

Washington University in St. Louis recently broke ground on Bauer Hall, a 150,875-square-foot building for its School of Engineering & Applied Science, designed by RMJM Hillier. The new building will house the School of Engineering’s Department of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering (EECE), provide space for the International Center for Advanced Renewable Energy & Sustainability (I-CARES), and expand the Department of Biomedical Engineering.

RMJM Hillier combined its expertise in state-of-the-art “plug-and-play” laboratories and historic preservation into a unified concept. Two-thirds of the space will be dedicated to research laboratories designed to maximize flexibility across the range of aquatics, aerosols, synthetic chemistry, and biomedical research activities. A plug-and-play casework system — including moveable base cabinets, removable tables, and ceiling-mounted service panels — improves ability to accommodate both bench-top and floor-mounted equipment while reducing the cost of future renovations as research priorities change. One feature will be an 85-seat distance-learning classroom available for use by all academic departments. Completion is expected in 2010.

Double Skin Reveals Highest Non-Enclosed Observation Deck in Shanghai

Shanghai Tower.


Shanghai Tower is adjacent Jin Mao Tower and Shanghai World Financial Center in the Luijiazui Finance and Trade Zone, an area poised to be China’s first super-tall district. The 632-meter Gensler-designed tower, organized as nine stacked cylindrical buildings, will house Class-A office space, retail, a luxury hotel, cultural venues, and the world’s highest non-enclosed observation deck. The inner layer of the double-skin façade encloses the buildings, while a triangular exterior layer comprised the envelope. The spaces between the two layers create atrium sky gardens. Much like plazas and civic squares in traditional cities, the atria contain restaurants and convenience stores. The Shanghai Tower Construction & Development is the project’s developer, Thornton Tomasetti is the structural engineer, Cosentini Associates is the MEP engineer, and the Architectural Design and Research Institute of Tongji University as the Local Design Institute will support Gensler. The development is slated for completion in 2014.

In this issue:
· 2009 OCULUS Editorial Calendar
· IALD, USDOE Memo of Understanding

2009 OCULUS Editorial Calendar
If you are an architect by training or see yourself as an astute observer of New York’s architectural and planning scene, and/or you have ideas, projects, opinions — or perhaps a burning desire to write about a topic below — we’d like to hear from you! Deadlines for submitting suggestions are indicated; projects/topics may be anywhere, but architects must be New York-based. Send suggestions to OCULUS editor Kristen Richards.

Spring: Elevating Architecture / Design Literacy for All
An examination of our urban connections that foster design excellence, and the need for arts education at all levels to support the public demand for a sustainable and beautiful environment. Suggestion deadline: December 12, 2008

Summer: AIANY 2009 Design Awards and AIANY/BSABiennial Building Type Awards
Registration deadline: February 6, 2009

Fall: Carbon Neutral Now
The new green frontier, carbon neutrality, researched, explored, planned, and designed at all scales by New York architects. Suggestion deadline: June 1, 2009

Winter: Health & Architecture
Architecture designed to promote fitness, health, and wellness will be profiled. Projects selected from within this growing field will demonstrate sensitivity to generational and demographic issues, sustainability, and technology. Suggestion deadline: August 1, 2009

IALD, USDOE Memo of Understanding
The International Association of Lighting Designers (IALD) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) in November 2008 to work cooperatively toward improving the efficient use of energy by lighting equipment and systems. The MOU emphasizes the importance of minimizing the impact of energy use on the environment in support of DOE Solid-State Lighting (SSL) programs on lighting quality. The four key points are as follows:
· Promoting lighting design principles and technologies that improve lighting quality, energy efficiency, and environmental sustainability.
· Developing and disseminating technical information to assist the lighting design community in the assessment and specification of SSL and other efficient technologies to support DOE programs on lighting quality such as ENERGY STAR® and SSL Quality Advocates.
· Jointly facilitating forums in which lighting designers can exchange ideas and information with DOE and provide input to DOE lighting program planning.
· Encouraging professional lighting designers to participate in DOE lighting projects, such as GATEWAY demonstrations, with particular attention to helping DOE assess lighting quality.

The Rockefeller Foundation announced the 2008 recipients of the Foundation’s $2.7 million NYC Cultural Innovation Fund awards, including Lowery Stokes Sims, Curator of the Museum of Arts & Design; David Thorpe, Senior Partner and Global Director of Innovation, Ogilvy Worldwide; and Andrew Zolli, Founder, Z + Partners… The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation and Museum has appointed David van der Leer as the new Assistant Curator of Architecture and Design; previously he was publications and exhibition manager for Steven Holl Architects…

The first place winners of the CityRacks Design Competition are Ian Mahaffy and Maarten De Greeve (Bettlelab), based in Copenhagen, Denmark; third-place winner is Ignacio Ciocchini of New York…

Architectural Record‘s Design Vangaurd 2008 winners include NYC-based Urban A&O, on of AIANY’s 2008 New Practices New York winning firms…

McGraw-Hill Construction’s Architectural Record, in collaboration with BusinessWeek, has launched the first issue of HQ, a new publication and website for corporate executives, architects, owners, and developers…

Al D’Elia, AIA, has joined Butler Rogers Baskett as a Partner… Andrea O’Neill has been appointed Vice President for Institutional Advancement, a new position for NY School of Interior Design… Ted Moudis Associates announced the promotion of Monica Larsen Wetherell to Design Management Director…

16th Annual Canstruction New York: Yes They Could — and Did

For the 16th time, New York architecture and engineering firms answered the call from Canstruction’s founder and Executive Director Cheri Melillo, SDA/C, Hon. AIA, to prove that “one can make a difference” — or 162,000 can, to be precise. Forty firms entered the design-build competition with ingenious sculptures made entirely of canned foods and other non-perishable, edible items.

The jury, including Stephanie Gelb, AIA, Battery Park City Authority VP, Planning & Design; artist Richard Haas; Michael Horodniceanu, Ph.D., President, MTA Capital Construction Company; James Lunday, host, HGTV’s “Rip & Renew”; Gregg Pasquarelli, Partner, SHoP Architects; and yours truly, had a tough time selecting the six winners, pictured below (any one could have fit every category).

Also honored during the awards presentation on November 20 were Robert A.M. Stern Architects and Ted Moudis Associates, each receiving a Silver Plate Award for their past 10-year commitment to the program.

The New York City competition is co-presented by the Society for Design Administration New York Chapter, the AIA New York Chapter, and arts>World Financial Center.

Jurors’ Favorite: “One Can Dream,” by Fradkin & McAlpin Associates (monochromatic elegance; shades of Brancusi).

Kristen Richards

Structural Ingenuity: “The Seafarer,” by Platt Byard Dovell White Architects (one could feel the breezes).

Kristen Richards

Best Meal: “CANda Hunger End,” by Gensler (organic and low/no-fat foods, and oh-so loveable).

Kristen Richards

Best Use of Labels: “Swan Cantata,” by Cooper Carry (elegant; uses nothing but Swanson foods; 14,568 cans!).

Kristen Richards

Honorable Mention: “United at Last,” by Butler Rogers Baskett Architects (the message is clear).

Kristen Richards

Honorable Mention: “Torque for Hunger,” by Rand Engineering & Architecture (Serra does it, but how’d they do that?).

Kristen Richards

11.06.08: Landscape architect Ken Smith (left) and Rob Rogers, FAIA, Rogers Marvel Architects, are all smiles at the New York Chapter, American Society of Landscape Architects (NYASLA) annual President’s Award Dinner, honoring The Nature Conservancy.

Kristen Richards

11.12.08: David Gauld, AIA, at the preview of the new 1,700-square-foot Lion Brand Yarn Studio at 34 W. 15 St., which he designed to be very welcoming – and very green.

Kristen Richards

11.14.08: Triple Bridge Gateway lighting hosted by Leni Schwendinger Light Projects. (L-R): Donald Fram, chief architect for the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey; Henry Stolzman, FAIA, principal at PKSB; and lighting designer and artist Leni Schwendinger.

Charles Cameron

11.20.08: The Animal Medical Center raised $1.1 million in the 2008 Top Dog Gala.

(L-R): Brooke Astor Award recipients Judy and Michael Steinhardt with Martha Stewart.

Courtesy Top Dog Gala

A Sandi Pei-designed “Bird Pavilion” was auctioned off at the event.

Courtesy Top Dog Gala

01.05.09 Call for Entries: AIA/ALA Library Building Awards
This biennial program is intended to encourage excellence in the architectural design and planning of libraries. All entries must be libraries designed by architects licensed in the U.S and may be built anywhere but must have been completed since 12.01.02. Projects should demonstrates exemplary skill and creativity in the resolution and integration of formal, functional, and technical requirements, including ecological stewardship.

01.15.09 Call for Entries: IDP Outstanding Firm Award
Since 1991, the IDPAC has recognized firms that actively embrace the Intern Development Program and demonstrate their commitment by making the path to licensure an integral part of the firm’s culture. In 2008, the program is expanded to recognize IDP Firms that meet 12 criteria in the categories of Mentoring, Supervising, Training Opportunities, Commitment to IDP, and ARE Support. The award is reserved for firms that demonstrate excellence in at least three of these categories.

02.06.09 Call for Entries: 2009 AIANY Design Awards
AIANY’s annual Design Awards Program recognizes excellence in architectural design by NYC-based architects and for work in NYC. The purpose of the awards program is to increase awareness of outstanding design and to honor the architects, clients, and consultants who work together to improve the built environment. Winning entries will be featured in an Awards Exhibition at the Center for Architecture next year and published in a special issue of OCULUS.

02.06.09 Call for Entries: 2009 AIANY Building Type Awards
The AIANY’s Building Type Awards is a collaborative program with the Boston Society of Architects (BSA) that honors excellence in architectural design for specific typologies. This year, achievement in Health Facilities and Housing will be recognized. Winning entries will be featured in an Awards Exhibition at the Center for Architecture next year and published in a special issue of OCULUS.

02.11.09 Call for Entries: 2009 Young Architects Forum: Foresight
Young architects and designers are invited to submit work to the annual competition that reflects intelligent decisions and imagines an effective role for architecture in the future. Projects of all types, theoretical or real, and executed in any medium are welcome. The jury will select work for presentation in public forums, an online installation, and an exhibition at the Architectural League of New York in May 2009. Winners will receive a cash prize of $1,000.

Center for Architecture Gallery Hours
Monday-Friday: 9:00am-8:00pm, Saturday: 11:00am-5:00pm, Sunday: CLOSED

Join an Architalker for a Hosted Tour of Center for Architecture

Join us for free Architalker-hosted tours of the Center for Architecture exhibitions Fridays at 4:00pm. To join one of these tours, meet in the Public Resource Area on the ground floor of the Center for Architecture.


October 18 — December 19, 2008


ARCH SCHOOLS 2008 is the AIA New York Chapter’s fourth annual architecture schools exhibition, and will feature exemplary student work, including drawings and models, from 14 Tri-State area schools.

Participating Schools:

The City College of New York

Columbia University

The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art

Cornell University

New Jersey Institute of Technology

New York Institute of Technology

Parsons The New School for Design

Pratt Institute

Princeton University

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Syracuse University

University at Buffalo (SUNY)

University of Pennsylvania

Yale University

Exhibition Designer: Martina Sencakova

Lead Sponsor: Bentley Systems


Carnegie Corporation of New York

Kohn Pedersen Fox

RMJM Hillier

Skidmore, Owings & Merrill

Beyer Blinder Belle Architects and Planners

ABC Imaging
Butler Rogers Baskett
Davis Brody Bond Aedas

Tsao & McKown Architects

October 1 — January 19, 2009

2008 AIA New York Designs for Living Exhibition

In the coming decades, New York will confront the challenge of housing another million people in a built-up city with limited area for new construction. Aging infrastructure and environmental concerns pose additional impediments to growth. Mayor Bloomberg’s PlaNYC addresses the need for housing, and targets eight other quality-of-life issues including open space, air and water quality, and contaminated sites. Public and private developers have also begun responding to, and even anticipating, these concerns with mixed-use, hybrid designs. +Housing focuses on eight current examples which illustrate this phenomenon: public uses combined with, and often financed by housing. The essential urban institutions – parks, schools, places of worship, museums, and hospitals – are being combined with residential developments, fusing diverse typologies and increasing density. This observation creates the rubric, [fill in the blank] + Housing. The phenomenon is observable at multiple scales, from infill Hybrid Buildings with condos sitting on top of a public space, to Transformed Blocks rebuilt and rearranged into places for living, performing and gathering, to New Neighborhoods that attempt to remediate and improve old sites, shaping parks, creating spaces for culture and childcare, adding new density.

+Housing helps keep the city affordable, accessible, sustainable, and architecturally ambitious. Projects that include cultural institutions, new schools, improved infrastructure, and green roofs are often built faster and more efficiently. That said, all pluses have their minuses, and this exhibition looks beyond the benefits of the +Housing formula, examining its potential impact on the look, economy and public life of New York City.

Exhibition Curator: Alexandra Lange

Exhibition Designer:Pro-Am Inc.

Champion: Studio Daniel Libeskind

Supporters: HumanScale Corporation; James McCullar & Associates; Gensler

Benjamin Moore & Company
Costas Kondylis & Partners
Forest City Ratner Companies
Frank Williams & Associates
Hugo S. Subotovsky Architects
Ingram, Yuzek, Gainen, Carroll & Bertolotti
Magnusson Architecture & Planning
Mancini Duffy
Rawlings Architects
Ricci Greene Associates
Skidmore, Owings and Merrill
Syska & Hennessy
Trespa North America
Universal Contracting

Anchin, Block & Anchin
Calvin Tsao
Consolidated Brick & Building Supplies
Cosentini Associates
Cross Construction Company
DeLaCour & Ferrara Architects
Domenech Hicks Krockmalnic Architects
FXFOWLE Architects
Helpern Architects
Levien & Company
Michael Zenreich, AIA Architect
Myron Henry Goldfinger, FAIA
New York Building Congress
Perkins Eastman
Plaza Construction
Porter & Yee Associates
Robert A.M. Stern Architects
Roberta Washington, Architect
Rothzeid Kaiserman Thomson & Bee
Shen Milsom & Wilke
Skanska USA Building
Strategic Development & Construction
Swanke Hayden Connell Architects
Theo. David, Architects
Thornton Tomasetti
Weidlinger Associates

September 5 — January 3, 2009

New Practices New York 2008

New Practices New York 2008 is the second juried portfolio competition and exhibition in a new biennial tradition sponsored by the New Practices Committee of the AIA New York Chapter. It serves as a platform for recognizing and promoting new, innovative and emerging architecture firms within New York City that have undertaken unique and commendable strategies – both in projects and practice.

From the 52 portfolios submitted, the New Practices Committee – consisting of Amale Andraos (Work AC), Jennifer Carpenter (TRUCK), Peter Eisenman (Eisenman Architects), William Menking (Architect’s Newspaper) and Charles Renfro (Diller Scofidio + Renfro) – was expected to choose the six most promising firms. The competition winners, all of whom will be participating in our exhibition are:

Baumann Architecture

Common Room

David Wallance Architect

Matter Practice

Openshop | Studio

Urban A&O

The exhibition will be accompanied by a series of programs organized by the AIA New York Chapter in collaboration with New Practices Committee

Exhibition organized by the AIA New York Chapter and the Center for Architecture Foundation

Exhibition Design: We Should Do It All

Media Partner: The Architects Newspaper

Underwriter: Häfele

Patron: ABC Imaging

Lead Sponsors: Ibex, MG & Company, Poliform, Thornton Tomasetti

Supporters: Fountainhead Construction, FXFOWLE Architects

Beverage Sponsor: SAAGA Vodka

Related Events

Each firm will have a six-week exhibition and will be delivering a Hafele NY Showroom at 25 East 26th Street. For more information, visit Hafele’s New York showroom listing at

Through 12.31.08
The Ambient Texture of Urbana

The Ambient Texture of Urbana.

Lisa-Thi Beskar

NYC plays the role of muse, landscape, backdrop, and physical material for artworks in this exhibition, sited in a Lower Eastside hair salon. It features work from local artists Simon Scott, Ryan Spoto, and Christi Shingara. Simon Scott presents limited edition prints from his “Hip Shots Series,” which explores the grittiness of NY. Spoto presents collage paintings, incorporating newsprint clippings, sentimental imagery, and mixed media. Shingara displays photographs exemplifying her passion for music and the iconography of the urban cityscape.

Enve Beauty Lounge
121 Ludlow Street

12.11.09 through 1.31.09
Josef Schulz: Form

“Form 9” by Josef Schulz.

Courtesy Yossi Milo Gallery

Josef Schulz’s first U.S. solo exhibition is of large-scale color photographs. The works show traditional analogue photographs of halls, factories, and storage facilities taken with a large-format camera. Images of common, mass-produced, industrial structures are then stripped of any individualizing elements through digital manipulation. Void of logos, signs of aging or wear, and practical architectural elements such as doors and windows, the utilitarian buildings become idealized versions of their original design concepts, without context or scale.

Yossi Milo Gallery
525 West 25th Street

12.11.09 through 4.12.09
Growing and Greening New York: PlaNYC and the Future of the City

Growing and Greening New York.

Courtesy Museum of the City of New York

Organized in terms of a typical day in the life of a New Yorker, the exhibition will explore the six areas addressed by PlaNYC: water; transportation; energy; open space; land; and climate change. The exhibition will feature architectural models, interactive displays, diagrams, renderings, photographs, hands-on examples of new materials, videos, and more including projects such as Via Verde by Phipps Rose Dattner Grimshaw.

Museum of the City of New York
1220 5th Avenue