08.17.10: AIANY and MoMA paired up to host the third and final Rising Currents Sunset Cruise on New York Harbor, in conjunction with MoMA’s Rising Currents exhibition.


(L-R): AIANY Executive Director Rick Bell, FAIA; Beverly Willis, FAIA; and AIANY Vice President for Public Outreach Abby Suckle, FAIA.

Emily Nemens


Editor’s Note: The MADE IN NEW YORK submission deadline has been extended! Submissions are now due on Monday, August 23, by 11:59pm. Don’t miss out on the opportunity to have your project showcased in the West 4th Street subway station!

– Jessica Sheridan, Assoc. AIA, LEED AP

Note: Be sure to follow Tweets from e-Oculus and the Center for Architecture.

And check out the latest Podcasts produced by AIANY.

Cyclists Are Making a Lane for Themselves on City Streets

Event: Bicycles as Transport: From Alternative to Mainstream
Location: Center for Architecture, 08.12.10
Speakers: Jack Schmidt — Director, Transportation Division, NYC Department of City Planning (DCP); Jon Orcutt — Director of Policy, NYC Department of Transportation (DOT); Caroline Samponaro — Director of Bicycle Advocacy, Transportation Alternatives
Moderator/Introduction: Robert Eisenstat, AIA, LEED AP — Assistant Chief Architect, Design Division, Engineering Department, The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Organizers: AIANY Transportation and Infrastructure Committee as part of the exhibition “Our Cities Ourselves”


Bike lane on the Grand Concourse.

Jessica Sheridan

Few changes in NYC’s built environment in recent years have catalyzed as much optimism, or provoked as much opposition, as the steps taken by the NYC Department of Transportation (DOT) to reclaim space for bicycles. For a low infrastructural investment (paint, concrete, and signage, plus planners’ labors), the city is restoring balance among all forms of transportation. Cycling’s mode share is rising sharply, thanks in large part to the new lanes, racks, and parking rules (see “DCP’s New Balancing Act on Bike Parking,” by Bill Millard, e-Oculus, 01.13.09), but it still remains around 1% — not yet high enough that most citizens view biking as a norm.

Cycling promotion is no fad, Jack Schmidt of the NYC Department of City Planning (DCP) pointed out: it’s the fruit of a planning process that began with the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) in 1991 (an audience member also linked it to the 1979 bike-lane experiment under Mayor Ed Koch). Schmidt and colleagues generate the quantitative studies that inform policy and infrastructural choices, finding how many subway stations in each borough lack bike parking, or how many citizens perform daily “peripheral travel,” going somewhere other than the central business district. City government is moving forward on innovations like NYCyclistNet, a route-planning tool that incorporates feedback options so that cyclists can comment on the system’s output and improve it.

DOT’s Jon Orcutt presented data linking absolute decreases in injury counts with rises in the number of cyclists. Urban biking gets safer the more people do it, and the spread of protected lanes increases the number of potential riders. With more than 200 miles of new lanes in three years, plus public bike-sharing in the works, the city is approaching a point where residents can dispense with driving for short trips in most neighborhoods, though large areas (particularly in eastern Queens) remain underserved.

In NYC, as Transportation Alternatives’ Caroline Samponaro pointed out, the pedestrian is king, rightfully and numerically. Advocacy groups have driven measurable progress in five areas affecting mode choice: protected space, bike sharing, parking, bike culture, and popular opinion. The critical channel is that last one: convincing more cyclists to follow laws and habits that promote pedestrian safety (as in the “Biking Rules” campaign), and convincing more pedestrians that cyclists are allies, not antagonists. Perceptions in this area rarely follow statistics or reality. That 1% mode share will approach 10% only when cyclists and cyclophobes communicate more and better; events like this panel offer exactly such an opportunity for constructive conversation.

Activists Get Schooled on NYU’s Expansion Plans

Event: Land Use Education Forum on NYU Plans 2031
Location: Center for Architecture, 08.04.10
Speakers: Scott M. Stringer, Manhattan Borough President; Jo Hamilton — Chair, Community Board 2; Brian Cook — Director of Land Use, Planning, and Development for Manhattan Borough President Scott M. Stringer
Sponsors: Borough President Stringer; Council Member Chin; Community Board 2


NYU is planning this new Grimshaw Architects-designed tower near the I.M.
Pei-designed Silver Towers.

Grimshaw Architects

NYU’s controversial plan for a major expansion, NYU 2031: NYU in NYC, will have significant ramifications on the architectural fabric of the nearby neighborhood. The university’s proposal is preparing to go through ULURP, and a large number of community activists are planning to fight the expansion plans in Greenwich Village. NYU 2031 calls for around six million square feet of new university space, about half of which would be in neighborhoods near Washington Square Park.

The university’s plans for new buildings in two superblocks slightly south of the park, known as University Village and Washington Square Village, drew some of the strongest criticism. “The proposed expansion of NYU 2031 will be the biggest project this neighborhood has seen probably since the 1950s, when Robert Moses used urban renewal to actually create the superblocks — those very same superblocks that NYU now wants to build on,” said Jo Hamilton, chair of Community Board 2. She and many others voiced concerns about the university’s proposal to build a new fourth tower (slated for faculty apartments and hotel space), among the three landmarked I.M. Pei-designed Silver Towers on the southern superblock, which is bounded by Bleecker and Houston Streets, and LaGuardia Place and Mercer Street.

While some criticized the planned tower’s height (nearly 40 stories), Hamilton implied that any addition to Pei’s design would be sure to disrupt its sense of balance. “This complex was carefully designed years ago by a world-renowned architect with the idea of creating visual interest and an eye for balancing the special proportions between soaring height and open land,” she remarked.

The discussion was inevitably one-sided, since no NYU representatives were among the speakers; the overall tone was one of a strategy meeting as neighborhood activists prepared for battle. But like a true politician, Manhattan Borough President Scott M. Stringer emphasized the inevitability of compromise. “Some of this has to get negotiated,” he said. “We’re going to have to think strategically about how we protect the needs and the aspirations of our community.”

Know Your (Copy) Rights

Event: Architect as Leader: Protection of Intellectual Property Rights
Location: Center for Architecture, 08.03.10
Speakers: Cheryl L. Davis, Esq. — Partner, Menaker & Herrmann; Carol Patterson, Esq. — Partner, Zetlin & DeChiara
Moderator: Daniel Garbowit, AIA, LEED AP — Partner, Gabellini Sheppard Associates & Co-chair, AIANY Professional Practice Committee
Organizers: AIANY Professional Practice Committee

The term “property” refers to real estate and personal belongings, but “intellectual property” concerns thoughts and creativity, including architectural services. According to Cheryl Davis, Esq., of Menaker & Herrmann, the U.S. Constitution provides three types of protection: copyrights, patents, and trademarks. Copyrights apply to architectural drawings; patents protect special types of ornamentation or building systems; and trademarks allow firms to establish their brands.

The best way to protect drawings and website content, according to Davis, is to include the copyright symbol on the work. She encouraged architects to register each project with copyright.gov, although rights are guaranteed without registration. And even though it is not necessary to place the copyright symbol on drawings to receive protection from the law, “it shows you know your rights and are willing to enforce them,” Davis explained.

Since the 1990s, buildings themselves may be protected under copyright law. While it is acceptable to photograph buildings or, for owners, to alter or even demolish them unless otherwise indicated by contract, copying a design without permission is considered copyright infringement. To determine if infringement has occurred, the court examines a building’s identifiable features, including doors, windows, materials, and layout. If found guilty, the infringer may owe profits, statutory damage, and possibly attorney’s fees.

A client may not always understand the implications of hiring an architect, but the AIA B101 Owner/Architect Contract “creates the party’s expectation going forward,” stated Carol Patterson, Esq., of Zetlin & DeChiara. The contract clarifies copyright ownership in ambiguous situations, including what happens when one architect inherits a project from another, and how to transfer documents in digital form. Architects should be wary of contracts pushed upon them entitling the client to the copyright. “The copyright doesn’t have value to them, but it has tremendous value to you — the body of your intellectual property is not something you should transfer lightly,” Patterson warned.

Click here for Contract Document resources on the AIA website.

New York’s Waterfront, in 20 Seconds or Less

Event: Around Manhattan: A Champagne Cruise for Landlubbers
Location: Center for Architecture, 08.05.10
Docents: Rick Bell, FAIA — Executive Director, AIA New York Chapter; Julie Ann Engh — Intern Architect, Avinash K. Malhotra Architects; Arthur Platt, AIA — Partner, Fink and Platt Architects; Abby Suckle, FAIA — Principal, Abby Suckle Architect; Rama Dadarkar, Intl. Assoc. AIA — Project Architect, Architecture Restoration Conservation; Kyle Johnson, AIA — Senior Associate, Pei Cobb Freed & Partners Architects
Organizers: AIANY; cultureNOW
Sponsored by: Classic Harbor Lines


High Bridge, one of the stops on the architectural cruise for landlubbers.

Jessica Sheridan

AIANY is currently hosting architectural tours of New York aboard a 1920s-style yacht operated by Classic Harbor Line. But for those prone to seasickness, several of the guides delivered a “Pecha Kucha-style” version, “like doing the tour on a cigarette boat,” as Rick Bell, FAIA, put it. Photos of the city’s waterfront flashed on-screen for 20 seconds, and each docent crammed as much information about the sites into that time as possible.

Bell delivered an invocation from Billy Collins’ poem “Fishing on the Susquehanna in July,” and the tour set sail at breakneck pace. The first portion featured contemporary architecture in Chelsea, the West Village, and Battery Park City. Julie Ann Engh focused on Jean Nouvel Atelier’s 100 11th Avenue condominium, and Gehry Partners’ IAC Headquarters.

As the tour rounded Battery Park, and skipping most of the commercial towers that define Lower Manhattan, Arthur Platt, AIA, emphasized infrastructure — bridges, ferry terminals, and redeveloped piers — that recall the waterfront’s original industrial and commercial uses. “One of the themes of the tour,” he said, “is industrial artifacts and how they’re becoming centerpoints of some of the parks and new developments.”

Abby Suckle, FAIA, took over as the new residences of Long Island City and the hospitals on Manhattan’s East Side came into view. She noted how the windows of the luxury apartments at Tudor City face away from the river, which at the time of construction was lined with unsightly slaughterhouses (and where currently an open pit awaits redevelopment).

The tour sailed between the cliffs lining the Harlem River, which some consider NYC’s “forgotten waterfront,” according to Rama Dadarkar, Intl. Assoc. AIA. She pointed out the Harlem River’s many bridges — including High Bridge, the city’s oldest — and the educational and residential buildings that could be partially glimpsed through the trees.

Passing through the Spuyten Duyvil swing bridge and into the Hudson River, Kyle Johnson, AIA, led passengers into the home stretch: Riverside Park, the apartment buildings of the Upper West Side, and “a whole spate of new development” — the residential and commercial towers of Midtown.

After the tour “landed” back at Chelsea Piers, the guides discussed the changing waterfront. As industry left NYC, they noted, large amounts of riverfront land became available for redevelopment — resulting in projects such as Riverside South, the condominiums of Long Island City, and the forthcoming New Domino. As guests “disembarked” for post-sail champagne, Bell reminded everyone that the waterborne tours will continue into December — for those with sea legs, plenty of time to experience the real thing.

Reverent Spaces: Descending Beneath Ground Zero

Event: Design Press Tour of the 9/11 Memorial Museum
Location: World Trade Center site, 08.09.10
Tour Leaders: Steven Davis, FAIA — Partner, Davis Brody Bond Aedas; Mark Wagner, AIA — Associate Partner, Davis Brody Bond Aedas; Alice M. Greenwald — Director, 9/11 Memorial Museum
Organizer: Davis Brody Bond Aedas

Designing a memorial and museum to commemorate an event that has touched the lives of so many is no easy feat. However, the team behind the 9/11 Memorial Museum, designed by Davis Brody Bond Aedas, has created spaces for reflection and education that also instill a sense of hope. It may not seem like much is happening at Ground Zero, but that’s because the progress is beneath the surface.


The granite cladding in the Memorial Pools, designed by Michael Arad, AIA, and Peter Walker, FASLA, is partially complete.

Kristen Richards


Water will cascade down the sides of the voids, which are the exact sizes and in the same locations as the original towers.

Murrye Bernard


Exhibits will line this ramp, which leads visitors two stories beneath the ground to the 9/11 Memorial Museum. Wood floors and railings on the ramp will contrast the rough concrete and steel of this gigantic space, making visitors feel protected and enclosed. Glass rails will expose views at controlled points.

Murrye Bernard


From the ramp, the recycled aluminum-clad pool enclosures appear as objects instead of voids. They will seem to float due to cantilevering and lighting, as revealed seven stories below on the main exhibition level.

Murrye Bernard


After passing through the South Tower Archaeological Walkway, which will contain exhibition and education spaces, as well as box column remnants meeting bedrock, visitors will encounter a remnant of the Vesey Street Staircase, known as the “Survivor’s Stairs.” An escalator will run alongside to provide a closer look.

Kristen Richards


In the West Hall visitors will be able to view a portion of the original slurry wall and the Last Column, which is protected by a temporary enclosure during construction.

Murrye Bernard


The slurry wall from below.

Kristen Richards

The Memorial pools are projected to open on the 10th anniversary of 9/11 in 2011, and the Museum is scheduled to open on the 11th anniversary in 2012.

In this issue:
· Delta to Fly into the 21st Century at JFK
· NYCEDC, WXY Start Projects in the Bronx & Brooklyn
· FIDI’s New Pop-Up Café
· The Bronx’s Little Italy Gets Modernized
· Senator Edward M. Kennedy Honored with Institute at UMass
· Shipping Containers for Public Art

Delta to Fly into the 21st Century at JFK


Terminal 4.

Courtesy SOM / ARUP

Delta Air Lines, the Port Authority of NY and NJ, and JFK International Air Terminal announced plans for a Skidmore, Owings & Merrill-designed expansion of Terminal 4 (the firm designed the existing Terminal 4, which opened in 2001). The project includes the expansion of Concourse B, with nine new international gates; a passenger connector between Terminals 2 and 4; and expanded baggage claim and customs and border protection areas. Terminal 3, built in 1960 and designed by Tippetts-Abbett-McCarthy-Stratton for PanAM Worldport, has been deemed functionally outmoded and beyond repair; it will be demolished and the space used for aircraft parking. Construction is scheduled to begin in September 2010.

NYCEDC, WXY Start Projects in the Bronx & Brooklyn


Fordham Plaza (left), and WNYC Transmitter Park.

WXY architecture + urban design

The New York City Economic Development Corporation (NYCEDC) and NYC Department of Transportation (DOT) recently released the conceptual master plan, designed by WXY architecture + urban design, for the redesign of Fordham Plaza in the Bronx. Adjacent to the Fordham Road retail corridor, the plan is to create a hub for transit, culture, and retail. The plaza would also provide a venue for yearlong event programming, including movie screenings, concerts, and holiday markets. The new design aims to create a contiguous public space, enhance traffic flow, and provide access to commuter rail service.

NYCEDC and the NYC Department of Parks and Recreation recently broke ground on a $12 million redevelopment of WNYC Transmitter Park along the East River in Greenpoint, Brooklyn. Designed by EDAW/McLaren Engineering Group/WXY architecture + urban design, the project is located on the site of former radio transmission towers. The design includes a pier with concrete platforms connected by aluminum bridges, a new overlook, a waterfront esplanade, and a pedestrian bridge built across an excavated historic ferry slip that will be restored as a wetland. The park will also include an open lawn with a children’s play area featuring a nautical theme.

FIDI’s New Pop-Up Café


Pop-up café.

Riyad Ghannam, AIA

Under the auspices of the NYC Departments of Transportation and Consumer Affairs, NYC now has its first pop-up café — a temporary curbside seating platform in the Financial District that provides both locals and visitors with a public space to sit, sip, and snack. CA-based RG-Architecture, which designed similar outdoor space in San Francisco, created the 84-by-6-foot wooden platform that is furnished with 14 café tables, 50 chairs, and landscaped with planters. Architectural services, which were requested by two adjacent restaurants, were provided pro bono. The Corten steel planters filled with English lavender, miniature boxwood, and turf lily were donated by Denver-based Bison Innovative Products.

The Bronx’s Little Italy Gets Modernized


Arthur Avenue Retail Market.

Papadatos Partnership

Renovation of the Arthur Avenue Retail Market in Belmont, Bronx, also known as the borough’s Little Italy, is underway. The design, by Papadatos Partnership, combines modern materiality with old world aesthetics by incorporating an “agora” motif, recalling ancient Greek and Roman markets. The 26,000-square-foot market was originally built in 1941 to give street vendors shelter from the elements, and became a center for sausage makers, bread bakers, cigar rollers, and florists. The project includes a total renovation of the exterior that will retain historic design elements. The interior, which has undergone minimal renovation over the years, will get flexible modular displays designed to adapt to both merchant and market conditions, enhanced public and gathering areas, lighting and electrical improvements, upgraded heating and cooling systems, and new plumbing — including modernization of toilet and food preparation facilities. The renovation is expected to be complete by December 2010.

Senator Edward M. Kennedy Honored with Institute at UMass


Edward M. Kennedy Institute for the U.S. Senate.

Rafael Viñoly Architects

Rafael Viñoly Architects has been selected to design the new Edward M. Kennedy Institute for the U.S. Senate on the University of Massachusetts Boston campus. The institute will be located next to I.M Pei’s 1979 John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum and will overlook Boston Harbor. The facility will consist of approximately 40,000 square feet of program space, composed mainly of classrooms, educational exhibitions, and a representation of the Senate Chamber. Two triangular volumes define the entry to the building and geometrically connect the institute to the JFK Library; the entrance approach will be designed to incorporate components from each of the 50 states. The project will break ground in fall 2010.

Shipping Containers for Public Art


Anyang Public Art Project.


LOT-EK recently completed the Open School for the 2010 Anyang Public Art Project (APAP) in the city of Anyang, South Korea. Positioned over the Hawoon Park pedestrian walkway along the Anyang River, the structure is made of eight shipping containers featuring different, but interconnected, spaces. At the ground level is an open-air amphitheater for public programs. The second story, lifted above ground on stilts, contains a large multi-purpose space for meetings, exhibitions, artist-in-residence studios, and a work place for researchers. A continuous public path, constructed of a cut and bent container, takes visitors from the lower amphitheater to a rooftop observatory.

In this issue:
· Media Roundup
· Registration Open for AIA-NJ’s East Coast Green
· eCalendar

Media Roundup
Rick Bell on NPR’s Morning Edition
Last week, AIANY Executive Director Rick Bell, FAIA, spoke to Morning Edition’s Steve Inskeep about the proposed Islamic Cultural Center, slated to be built on Park Place in downtown Manhattan.

AIANY’s Boat Tours featured in the New York Times
This weekend, the New York Times reviewed AIANY’s “Around Manhattan Official NYC Architectural Tour,” with an article and video. Tickets for sailings, scheduled through December 2010, are available here [].

Our Cities Ourselves on NY1
The Center for Architecture’s current exhibition, “Our Cities Ourselves,” was featured on Monday morning’s news on NY1. The exhibition is now on view through 09.15.10.

Registration open for AIA-NJ’s East Coast Green

AIA New Jersey Chapter and the AIA-NJ Committee on the Environment are planning East Coast Green, to be held 09.16-17.10 at Bally’s Atlantic City Hotel & Casino in Atlantic City, NJ. Early bird registration is available through 08. 20.10. The conference, with keynote speakers Bill Reed (Regenesis, Delving Deeper, Integrative Design Collaborative), Ed Mazria (Architecture 2030), and Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. (Riverkeeper, Waterkeeper Alliance), will cover Legislation, Codes/Metrics, Planning, Buildings, and Tectonics, and how local architects are responding to the AIA’s 2030 challenge. It is organized to coincide with AIA-NJ’s annual Design Day, also taking place on 09.16.10 at Bally’s Atlantic City.

eCalendar includes an interactive listing of architectural events around NYC. Click the link to go to to eCalendar on the Web.